BioE Seminar: Active Fluctuations in Primary Cilia
Thursday, September 5, 2019
12:00 pm - 1:00 pm
Fitzpatrick Center Schiciano Auditorium Side B, room 1466
Christoph Schmidt, Ph.D., Hertha Sponer Professor of Physics, Duke University
Abstract: Primary cilia of kidney epithelial cells are believed to act as mechanosensors for kidney-duct fluid flow. Genetic defects localizing to the primary cilia are connected to polycystic kidney disease (PKD), a fatal monogenic disorder. Mechanical parameters such as flexural rigidity must modulate ciliary mechanosensation. It has been shown that there is a basal rotation component to ciliary deflection, which has the potential to affect aspects of mechanosensation. To investigate ciliary mechanical response, we have deflected primary cilia of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK-II) cells with an optical trap and recorded their relaxation dynamics with video microscopy, and we have observed cilia fluctuations. We discovered that fluctuations are actively driven, although these primary cilia do not possess dynein motors that could deflect them. I will introduce a method to detect and quantitate thermodynamic non-equilibrium in the dynamics of primary cilia of kidney epithelial cells using the principle of detailed balance.
Biography: Christoph F. Schmidt is the Hertha Sponer Professor of Physics in the Department of Physics at Duke University. Previously he was the Chairman, Faculty of Physics at Georg August University Gottingen, Germany. He completed a PhD in Physics at the Technical University Munich, Germany. He was a post-doctoral researcher in the Department of Physics at Harvard University. His research interests are biophysics, soft matter physics, non-equilibrium statistical physics, cell biophysics, and active matter